ProfitProAG Farm Report

April 2016

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More from Every Acre…
More From Every Animal

Free
Teleconference Calls

Agronomic/Livestock
3rd Thursday of the Month
April 21, 2016

Call #
1-855-212-0212

Meeting ID #
769-100-082#

Time
8 to 9 pm Central Time

Products

Microbial Manure MasterTM

Manure ConditionerTM

Manure Conditioner PlusTM

Poultry Litter Conditioner PlusTM

ProfitCoatTM + NB

ProfitCoatTM PB

HerbolyteTM

HerbolyteTM Plus

BioSeedCoatTM

Healthy HogTM

Microbial HealthyPlusTM

Bovine Direct Fed Microbials

Forage EnhancerTM

Fermentation MineralsTM

For More Information
or to find a Consultant
in Your Area

Call 1-888-875-2425
Ask about the ProfitMaster™ Full-Circle System and the Manure
Master™ Program

www.profitproag.com

Unsecured and
Secured Financing Available for 2016

Contact David Widman (who has over 30 years of bank lending experience, mostly in agriculture, and grew up on a family farm) about either input or operational financing for 2016 from AgriSpan. With qualified credit, an UNSECURED loan can range from $10,000.00 to $250,000.00; secured financing limit based on your operation. Call 507-640-1095 or email widmanag@gmail.com for details or to apply.

 

 

 

 

Crop Management News

Key Crop Inputs and Corn Planting Depth Considerations for 2016

by Dr. Jim Ladlie, ProfitProAG President

Biological Seed Coatings

ProfitProAG’s biological seed coatings provide a seedling and season-long plant health enhancement system. The benefits of the coating include improved consistency and uniformity of stand, increased seedling vigor, enhanced root health and standability throughout the growing season. They contain beneficial microorganisms that will colonize the germinating seedling root and boost the biology in the rhizosphere. In addition to enhancing the plant’s health, the consortium of beneficial bacteria and fungi fix nitrogen and improve availability and solubility of plant nutrients. The coating contains up to 75 trace elements to support the microbes and seedling during initial stages of growth.

The biological seed coatings are available in both liquid and dry formulations and can be applied to all types of seeds. Coatings can be applied with a soybean inoculant and can be approved for organic production. ProfitCoatTM PB (Planter Box) is a dry formulation that can be applied at-plant or as a pre-treat.

Seed Placement Affects Early Corn Root Development and Yield

Seed selection and placement are two of the most important management decisions a grower can make. Properly positioning the corn seed is critical to minimizing stress and protecting yield.

Importance of Planting Depth

The ideal planting depth is
1½ to 2½ inches. During seedling emergence, when the coleoptile tip reaches the soil surface and receives sunlight, mesocotyl elongation stops and the plumule emerges. At this time, if the seed was planted at least 1½ inches deep, then the growing point of the plant is about ¾ to one inch below the surface.

If the seed was planted too shallow (less than 1 inch deep), then the nodal roots will be just below or on the soil surface, which may result in rootless corn held on by only the mesocotyl. It can also result in injury from direct exposure of the growing point to herbicides. In addition, the soil surface may be too hot for the nodal roots to grow properly.

If the seed is planted too deep (3 inches or more), then the seed needs extra energy to push the coleoptile to the soil surface. Under these conditions, the coleoptile may split, and cause the plant to leaf out under the soil surface.

Planting Depth and Nodal Roots

The corn seeds above were planted at 2½ and 1½ inches deep. However, the depths of each “crown” will develop at 1 inch and ¾ inch, respectively. The main root system will develop from the crown. The mesocotyls of the two root systems are 1½ and ¾ inch long, respectively. As shown, if a seed is placed at 1½ inches or deeper, then the nodal roots will be ¾ to 1 inch below the soil surface.

HerbolyteTM Plus is a Foliar Crop Enhancer

Herbolyte Plus can be used as a foliar application to provide energy and micronutrient enhancement to crops. It is a liquid formulation that is applied at
16 ounces per acre. It is also designed to enhance herbicide performance by modifying spray solution pH, water hardness and supplying a balanced blend of micronutrients (0.03B - 0.001Co - 0.07Cu - 0.15Fe - 0.23Mn - 0.02Mo - 0.22Zn). The ingredient blend in Herbolyte Plus has been found to promote herbicide uptake (such as glyphosate) in agriculture applications. Herbolyte Plus is designed to be used with glyphosate and Liberty products.

Herbolyte Plus’ advantages include faster weed burndown and active crop growth after glyphosate application while the micronutrient blend assures adequate availability for the crop.

Livestock & Manure Management News

Enhancing Livestock Manure

by David Widman, ProfitProAG Consultant

While the growing movement towards using livestock manure as a crop nutrient source increases, understanding the process of manure decomposition during storage allows producers to enhance their manure management strategies.

Key Benefit

The key benefit of properly stored manure is to enhance its value as a crop fertilizer and improve soil health. After consumption by the animal, the digestion process starts the decomposition and the end result is manure. Nature then provides the mechanisms to breakdown the manure and urine after it is applied to soil via the soil biology. When raw manure is applied to soil, the soil biology focuses first on breaking it down for incorporation into the soil profile—a process that can take up to four months. Since the focus of soil biology is on manure digestion rather than helping the crop grow it affects the rate of growth due to low nutrient availability.

Stored manure is always in some stage of decomposition, which can either be a favorable process or a detriment that creates more toxins that the soil biology has to neutralize to maintain a balanced soil profile.

Correct Biology

Biology in the manure from the animal’s digestion continues the breakdown process. However, additional biology in the soil (fungal groups) is also involved for a more complete nutrient cycling. The key to making manure a friendly soil amendment that will work with and enhance the soil biology is to have the correct biology during storage. These microbes in the manure are facultative meaning they continue to work in the soil after application. Their main goal is to use the organic material as food for themselves. As they reproduce and increase in population, nutrients are recycled by these microbes, which lock up the nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorous, potassium, magnesium, manganese, iron, copper and various other nutrients in a form that is stable and available to plants.

Correct pH

Another critical key of manure storage is to have the correct pH as this dictates which microbes are working. The range is 6.5 to 7.5 with 6.8 to 7.2 being the optimum for proper manure digestion. Digesting microbes work in this range, which relates to the optimum soil pH—6.5 to 7.0—that produces the best crops. When the pH is under 6.5, the decomposition process decreases and can leave manure thicker depending upon the animal’s diet. When the pH is over 7.5, the methanogen microbes can become active and create methane gas, which can cause barn explosions and fire. Feed ingredients impact the pH of the manure and can make the pH either lower or higher from the desired range. Water can also affect manure pH. When the pH is out of range, toxic gases and other undesirable microbial byproducts are created thus making dangerous environmental conditions for livestock and humans.

Follow the Steps to Success

Manure management is complicated when the basic manure fundamentals are not understood. Knowing the pH of the water and feed for the livestock is the first step and provides direction for properly balancing the manure during storage. Next know the pH of the liquid manure in the storage facility and monitor it on a regular basis (at least every six weeks). The manure pH dictates the correct pH, which enables the proper microbes to do their job. Follow this step with the introduction of microbes that decompose manure. After the microbes are started, bubbling indicates working activity. Also the manure will stay more liquid with very little top crust. It’s important to routinely check the pH of the manure so the manure remains biologically active.

ProfitProAG offers live culture microbes and dry organic products coupled with the knowledge to help enhance manure management. Services are available for manure treatment by either a local rep or a self-treatment plan. For more information on manure management, call ProfitProAG at 1-888-875-2425.

     

 

 

 

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